Latest Jobs In Kenya: Terms of Reference – Theory of Change Critical Analysis-Aga Khan Foundation

1. About the Aga Khan Foundation

The Aga Khan Foundation (AKF) is an Agency of the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), a group of private, non-denominational development agencies that share a mission to improve the living conditions and opportunities for marginalized communities across some target countries in Africa and Asia. AKF was established by His Highness the Aga Khan in Switzerland in 1967 and began working in East Africa in 1974. Globally, AKF seeks sustainable solutions to long-term problems of poverty, hunger, illiteracy, and ill-health, with special emphasis on the needs of rural communities in mountainous, coastal, and other resource-poor areas. In East Africa, AKF responds to local and regional priorities by developing and implementing effective programming, measuring, and documenting results and sharing lessons with governments, donors, and development actors to influence policy and practice. AKF operates a multi-sectoral portfolio that includes programming in Education, Economic Inclusion, Civil Society, Health and Early Childhood Development.

2. Background

AKF have recently developed a new framework for education programming globally, the Education Improvement Programme (EIP). The EIP promotes an approach where AKF will partner with a global network of local government schools, national and local government, and civil society actors within education ecosystems to co-develop and test affordable and scalable evidence-based models about how best to create quality learning environments and improve holistic learning outcomes for the most marginalised children.

To achieve this, EIP proposes a three-pronged approach; prioritise, innovate, scale:

  • Prioritise – In partnership with government, schools, teachers, and Civil Society, identify and prioritise the needs of the education ecosystem to improve quality learning outcomes and inclusive, secure learning environments for all.
  • Innovate – EIP is a network of local incubation collaboratives between AKF, government schools, and civil society actors – co-generating new evidence-based education models that work to improve quality learning outcomes for all learners, especially in marginalised areas.
  • Scale – Generate new evidence-based models about ‘what works’ in quality education to enable governments to scale approaches for millions of children and youth.

Assuming a programmatic approach, AKF is seeking to ensure all projects are aligned and contributing to the EIP goal and approach. As part of an AKDN wide education project, Foundations for Learning (F4L)[1], delivered in partnership with Aga Khan Academy (AKA), Aga Khan Education Services (AKES), Aga Khan University (AKU), the Madrasa Early Childhood Programme (MECP), and local Civil Society Organisations (CSO), will provide AKF with the opportunity to ensure the projects’ Theory of Changes (TOC) are fully aligned to EIP, design a comprehensive M&E system to collect the data needed to both generate robust evidence of ‘what works’, and develop rapid, if not real-time, feedback loops for partners and stakeholders across the education ecosystem.

F4L, co-funded by Global Affairs Canada and AKF, will equip a new generation of learners, teachers, school leaders, families, communities, civil society organisations and government leaders with the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values needed to promote more gender-responsive and pluralist quality education systems for all in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Through F4L, AKDN will ensure equal opportunities to quality education for girls and boys through stronger education systems, more capable female and male education professionals, reduced gender and social barriers to education, and increased evidence generation for better policy and practice.

3. Consultant scope of work

The consultant or organisation will be required to work in-person or remotely to implement a human centric approach (process clearly articulated in the application) to deliver high quality, relevant, and actionable results. The consultant/organisation will:

  • Critically engage with the F4L TOC to identify how this is positioned within the broader EIP framework
  • Determine how F4L and the EIP need to be adapted to meet the needs of Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda
  • Identify the critical assumptions to be tested to develop robust evidence to support the EIP TOC or to ensure the relevant changes are made
  • Finalise the EIP M&E framework and map the F4L M&E framework within the broader EIP M&E framework
  • Identify gaps in data collection from schools, teachers, learners, parents, and other education stakeholders in current M&E processes and tools and propose recommendations and solutions to cover these gaps, either through adapting existing tools or proposing new tools.
  • Note: M&E recommendations should be made in a manner that would allow for ICT enabled, real-time data collection and feedback loops. It is not expected for the ICT solution to be determined under this scope of work.

4. Key deliverables

  • Refined and adapted EIP framework and TOC for Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda that is responsive to the unique context and the opportunities and needs of children, teachers, parents, and the broader education ecosystem.
  • Interim report to include draft EIP and F4L TOC and assumptions to be tested.
  • Finalised M&E frameworks and assumptions. This would include proposed cross-analytic dummy tables for deeper data synthesis and learning.
  • Draft report identifying data gaps and recommendations.
  • Final report for effective implementation of frameworks, data gaps, and recommendations.

5. Work Plan

Activity and Deadline

Refined and adapted EIP framework and TOC for Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda – 25th June 2021

Interim report to include draft EIP and F4L TOC and assumptions – To be completed by applicant

Finalised M&E frameworks and assumptions with proposed cross-analytic dummy tables – To be completed by applicant

Draft report identifying data gaps and recommendations – To be completed by applicant

Final report for effective implementation, data gaps, and recommendations – 2nd September 2021

6. Criteria for selection

All submissions will be assessed on the following criteria:

  • Technical proposal 40%
  • Technical experience 30%
  • Value for Money 30%

7. To Apply

Consultants or organisations interested in this opportunity with AKF should submit:

  • Six-page (maximum) technical proposal including work plan
  • CV of core team members
  • Organisational experience
  • Proposed budget

[1] F4L is part of a larger education and civil society programme, Foundation for Education and Empowerment (F4EE) is a five-year, CAD $57.6 million (GAC: $49 million, AKFC: $8.6 million) project that will improve the educational systems at the pre-primary and primary level, in addition to strengthening women’s empowerment, and gender equality in five countries: Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Uganda. The project is executed by Aga Khan Foundation Canada (AKFC) and implemented by AKDN education agencies and CSO partners.

How to apply

Timeline for Submission

The Expressions of Interest to be submitted by midday EAT on Wednesday 9th June 2021 by email to with  Theory of Change Critical Analysis’** in the subject line.

Only shortlisted organisations will be contacted

AKF believes in Equal Opportunity and is Committed to Safeguarding and Promoting the Welfare of Children and Vulnerable Adults and Expects all Staff and Partners to Share this Commitment.

The Aga Khan Foundation is an agency of the Aga Khan Development Network (

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